Discovering the Treaty Tree

THE TREATY WHITE OAK TREE (A)

Height 213 m
Circumference 518 cm
Age approximately 400 years old

Treaty Tree
Treaty Tree

This 400 year old tree in Niagara is the official boundary marker in the first land deed in Upper Canada signed in 1781 between the Chippawas and the Mississauga and the English Crown. The deed, signed by King George, was for a 4 mile wide strip of land bounded by the Niagara River between Lakes Ontario and Erie. To mark the boundary, the 4 First Nations chiefs chose a large, white oak, forked 5 feet from the ground near Lake Ontario at a distance of 4 miles from the west bank of the Niagara River.

This is a designated Ontario heritage tree.

Acorns
Acorns

We were very happy to track down the location of this magnificent tree with the help of Forests Ontario.  The 2 men responsible for getting this tree designated as an Ontario heritage tree are seen in this photo.  Unexpectedly, it turned out to be a mast year for this old tree and we managed to collected 200 germinated acorns.

This trees’ legacy will live on!

Treaty Tree in Niagara
Treaty Tree in Niagara
about author

Marion Robertson

marion@beesweetnature.ca

<p>Marion has always had a love for native plants. When she realized native Ontario plants were starting to go extinct, she started collecting their seeds and growing new trees in their family tree nursery, in essence, saving the plant species.</p>